If you refuse to provide your name, address, date and place of birth and nationality after you have been told by the police why they have stopped to question you this refusal is an offence you could be arrested and charged for.
The police can normally only stop and search you if they have 'reasonable grounds. If you run away or don't stop when directed to stop, you commit an offence of obstructing police and you may be arrested.
You have the right to defend yourself if you are being attacked, even if the person attacking you is a police officer.
If the police arrive at your door with a Feeney warrant, you are legally obligated to allow them into your home; however, you are not required to assist them in searching your home in any way, shape or form.
You must be searched in a public place. This does not permit the police officer to enter a house, but they may search a person outside a house.
It may still be possible for the police to access your phone without the passcode. Unless the data on the phone is encrypted the police can still access the information lawfully with specialist software. However, the police would usually warn a suspect that they could potentially damage the device in doing this.
If someone gets in your face and you feel as though your safety is at risk, you are lawfully allowed to push them away with little malice behind it. Anyone is allowed to use reasonable force to either protect themselves, others or to carry out an arrest and/or prevent crime. This is legal.
Your rights, and the law
Most of the time, you have the legal right to refuse to answer and just walk away. Usually, under 'stop and account', the police officer or PCSO doesn't have the power to force you to stay. You can't be searched or arrested just because you refuse to answer their questions.
You don't have to give this information if you don't want to; unless the police officer says they're reporting you for an offence.
The police will hold your property until all relevant matters have been dealt with. Once the letter of authorisation has been sent to you the general procedure is for them to wait 28 days for you to collect your property or for a response either by telephone or in writing.
Whether the police have 'reasonable grounds' to suspect you're involved in a crime or carrying any of the above items or not, they aren't legally allowed to look through your phone unless you give them permission or they have obtained necessary legal documents relating to terrorism or child sex offences.
If you have failed to stop your motor vehicle for a police officer after a direction to do so, you will be liable to pay a fine of around $5,000. You may also be facing a term of imprisonment of up to 12 months.
Yes. If you are in charge of a vehicle, a police officer can take your car keys and forbid you to drive if they have reasonable grounds to believe that you are not capable of properly controlling the vehicle. They can also order you not to drive for a period of time, order you to drive home or immobilise your vehicle.
The police can stop a vehicle for any reason. If they ask you to stop, you should always pull over when it's safe to do so. You're breaking the law if you do not stop.
There is no law stopping anyone filming in a public place, so if you are on the streets you can film without asking permission. However, under Section 58A of the Terrorism Act 2000, police officers can stop you from filming them if they believe that the video will be used for purposes of terrorism.
PCSOs retain the powers of arrest of a citizen under both common law and Section 24A of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. They also have the power to use reasonable force in defence of themselves or another.
If you're told that you're suspected of committing a crime, the law around police questioning and what you are obliged to say is different. If you're a suspect, you're still not required to answer questions, but the police are likely to ask for your name or address.
You can use reasonable force to protect yourself or others if a crime is taking place inside your home. This means you can: protect yourself 'in the heat of the moment' - this includes using an object as a weapon. stop an intruder running off - for example by tackling them to the ground.
In 2017, we took the question to Micah Schwartzbach, a California criminal defense lawyer and managing editor at Nolo. In short, the answer is "yes" — but the punch has to be made in self-defense.
To be charged with Common Assault generally, it is important to understand that you don't even have to be physically violent – even shaking your fist as someone or shouting threatening words can be considered a form of Assault if the other person believes that they are about to be harmed by you.
Can Police Read Text Messages That Have Been Deleted? Deleted text messages are usually retrievable from a phone, but before beginning the process, law enforcement officers would need to obtain a court order.
So, can police recover deleted pictures, texts, and files from a phone? The answer is yes—by using special tools, they can find data that hasn't been overwritten yet. However, by using encryption methods, you can ensure your data is kept private, even after deletion.
Are there any exceptions the police can use to search your phone? The only reasons why the police will be able to search your phone without your consent is if they are able to justify using legal powers such as terrorism or child sex offence laws.
If the police come to your door, the safest method of dealing with them is to speak to them from a nearby window. Ask them the purpose of their visit. If they insist you open the door, refuse unless they show a valid search warrant or give a justifiable reason as to why that door should be opened.