Prisoners of war, with the exception of officers, must salute and show to all officers of the Detaining Power the external marks of respect provided for by the regulations applying in their own forces.
Salutes are not required when: Indoors, unless reporting to an officer or when on duty as a guard. When you're in a combat zone. When you're a prisoner.
"Civilian personnel, to include civilian guards, are not required to render the hand salute to military personnel or other civilian personnel. "Salutes are not required to be rendered or returned when the senior or subordinate, or both are in civilian attire."
One of the most noticeable differences in military jail vs civilian jail is the facilities, or more specifically, the state of the facilities. The latter is generally unsanitary, broken, and rundown. This is because most prisoners do not care for cleanliness and do the bare minimum.
In formation, you don't salute or return salutes except at the command “Present, arms.” An individual in formation at ease or at rest comes to attention when addressed by an officer. In this case, the individual in charge salutes and acknowledges salutes on behalf of the entire formation.
Saluting with the left or right hand has nothing to do with being disrespectful. The salute, in and of itself, no matter which hand is used, is respectful. The US military uses the right hand for a reason and that reason is utilitarian, not an issue of respect.
Normally, if you're convicted at court-martial and your sentence includes confinement, your pay and allowances are stopped. However, there are situations when military servicemembers confined due to courts-martial can keep receiving pay once their confinement begins.
Female prisoners from all branches of the US Military are typically housed in the Naval Consolidated Brig, Miramar, CA.
Most of the crimes committed by military prisoners are violent offenses such as murder and rape. The next most frequent crimes committed by military prisoners are drug-related offenses, followed by property offenses, such as theft.
Occasionally you will see slow salutes during a flag-passing ceremony as part of a retirement to indicate respect for the flag and the person who is retiring.
Note: No person, not having served in the military has earned the right to salute the flag and should not do so. Those who have served consider it “stolen valor”.
The naval salute, with the palm downwards is said to have evolved because the palms of naval ratings, particularly deckhands, were often dirty through working with lines and was deemed insulting to present a dirty palm to an officer; thus the palm was turned downwards.
During the conflict prisoners might be repatriated or delivered to a neutral nation for custody. At the end of hostilities all prisoners are to be released and repatriated without delay, except those held for trial or serving sentences imposed by judicial processes.
If you are an enlisted prisoner of war, you must salute all enemy officers. If you are an officer prisoner of war, you salute only enemy officers of equal or higher rank. You render your own salute, not the salute as executed by the enemy.
Saluting. A common misconception is that saluting at a military funeral is a show of respect. Although no rule exists stating civilians cannot salute, it is best to leave this to former and active military personnel.
72B, Chapter 3, Section 2, Part H, Paragraph 12 states: "Applicants may not enlist as an alternative to criminal prosecution, indictment, incarceration, parole, probation, or another punitive sentence. They are ineligible for enlistment until the original assigned sentence would have been completed."
There are currently four death row inmates in the military justice system: Ronald Gray, Hasan Akbar, Timothy Hennis and Nidal Hasan.
Getting a Military Discharge
There is no way to simply quit the military once you are on active duty. You are contractually, and perhaps morally, obligated to see your commitment through. However, you could be discharged from duty early if you are physically or psychologically unable to perform your duties.
Once captured by the enemy, prisoners of war are subject to the laws of the armed force that is holding them. They must act according to the rules and regulations of their captors, and breaking those rules leaves them open to the same trial and punishment as that faced by a member of the detaining military.
Pension. Veterans in receipt of VA pension will have payments terminated effective the 61st day after imprisonment in a Federal, State, or local penal institution for conviction of a felony or misdemeanor. Payments may be resumed upon release from prison if the Veteran meets VA eligibility requirements.
Saluting the American Flag when in civilian attire
MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES and veterans who are present but not in uniform may render the military salute. MEN remove hats and hold at left shoulder with hand over heart; without hat, place right hand, palm open, over heart.
—The salute is given to the accompaniment of National Anthem. It is to be given to the President and to the Governors or the Lieutenant Governors within their (respective) States or the union territories, as the case may be. 5. General salute.
“During the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the flag or when the flag is passing in a parade or in review, all persons present in uniform should render the military salute. Members of the Armed Forces and veterans who are present but not in uniform may render the military salute.