Lead aprons, lead blankets, and various other types of lead shielding for radiation are the most effective material to fight off
Shielding: Barriers of lead, concrete, or water provide protection from penetrating gamma rays. Gamma rays can pass completely through the human body; as they pass through, they can cause damage to tissue and DNA.
Traditional Lead (Pb) Shielding
The high density of lead (11.34 grams per cm³) makes it a useful shield against X-ray and gamma-ray radiation.
Copper is the most reliable material of choice when shielding from radio frequencies because of its ability to absorb both magnetic and radio waves. It is also highly effective in attenuating magnetic and electrical waves.
Potassium iodide (KI) is a type of iodine that is not radioactive and can be used to help block one type of radioactive material, radioactive iodine (I-131), from being absorbed by the thyroid.
To make your bedroom as nuclear-proof as possible, start by insulating your windows and doors with aluminum foil. Bricks and mattresses can also provide added protection against heat and radiation.
The walls of your home can block much of the harmful radiation. Because radioactive materials become weaker over time, staying inside for at least 24 hours can protect you and your family until it is safe to leave the area.
Radiation is acidifying to the system, but a salt and soda soak, which is highly alkaline, helps neutralize this effect. This radiation soak can be done two to three times per week to help counteract the radiation and to eliminate toxins from the body's largest organ, the skin.
Onions are also known to possess scavenging properties against reactive oxidative species . The use of natural dietary antioxidants, particularly flavonoids, to reduce the risk of radiation-induced oxidative DNA damage might be a simple method for reducing radiation-related cancer and improving overall health .
A Soviet health official, countering rumors circulating after the Chernobyl nuclear accident, denied Wednesday that vodka is a cure for exposure to radiation.
It should include bottled water, packaged foods, emergency medicines, a hand-crank or battery- powered radio to get information in case power is out, a flashlight, and extra batteries for essential items. If possible, store supplies for three or more days.
The most safe areas in the US in a nuclear war include the upper Midwest, Maine, West Texas, and multiple small pockets, usually in areas that don't have large populations. The most unsafe areas include most of the East Coast and anywhere near a major city, a key infrastructure location, or military installation.
They are: Your gas mask needs to be NBC or CBRN approved. You need to use NBC or CBRN gas mask filters that fit your mask. Facial hair will not allow you to create an airtight seal on your gas mask.
Water provides a radiation shielding of fuel assemblies in a spent fuel pool during storage or transports from and into the reactor core. Although water is a low-density material and low Z material, it is commonly used in nuclear power plants because these disadvantages can be compensated with increased thickness.
It should include bottled water, packaged foods, emergency medicines, a hand-crank or battery-powered radio to get information in case power is out, a flashlight, and extra batteries for essential items. If possible, store supplies for three or more days.
You must protect yourself from the fallout or you'll have a short life. If you're in a stable structure such as a basement or fire staircase, you can shelter in place for a few days, if necessary. If your building is destroyed, you'll need to move to a nearby intact structure. Block all the doors, windows and air gaps.
For the survivors of a nuclear war, this lingering radiation hazard could represent a grave threat for as long as 1 to 5 years after the attack. Predictions of the amount and levels of the radioactive fallout are difficult because of several factors.
Move to a shelter, basement, or other underground area, preferably located away from the direction that the wind is blowing. Remove clothing since it may be contaminated; if possible, take a shower, wash your hair, and change clothes before you enter the shelter.
Sand or compacted clay gives better radiation shielding than earth because it is denser. Each layer of sand-or clay-filled sandbags can give up to 66 percent more radiation protection than the same thickness of soil or soil-filled sandbags.
Packed earth insulates against radiation and blast waves, but don't go deeper than 10 feet; because if your exits (make two) become blocked in the blast, you may need to dig yourself out.
Fallout radiation decays relatively quickly with time. Most areas become fairly safe for travel and decontamination after three to five weeks.
KI works by blocking radioactive iodine from entering the thyroid. When a person takes KI, the stable iodine in the medicine gets absorbed by the thyroid. There is so much stable iodine in the KI that the thyroid gland becomes “full” and cannot absorb any more iodine—either stable or radioactive—for the next 24 hours.