“After having been twice driven back by heavy southwestern gales, Her Majesty's ship Beagle, a ten-gun
Eight vessels of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Beagle, after a dog breed. The most notable of these ships is the second HMS Beagle, 1820–1870, which transported Charles Darwin around the world in the voyage of Beagle.
Why is the HMS Beagle Famous? HMS Beagle was the ship in which the naturalist, Charles Darwin, sailed around the world from 26 December 1831 to 27 February 1832. The rich variety of animal and plant species that Darwin saw on the voyage on the Beagle led him to develop his theory of 'evolution by natural selection'.
(military, nautical) Initialism of His/Her Majesty's Ship. ( a ship prefix used for a ship commissioned into the navy of a kingdom) coordinate terms ▼ (UK, nautical, military) Initialism of Her (or His) Majesty's Ship; ship prefix of the Royal Navy of the UK synonym ▲hyponyms, coordinate terms ▼ Synonym: HBMS.
In 1845, the ship was repurposed again into a customs service watch vessel, and after 25 years, it moored in the Paglesham mudflats in the town of Rochford, where the historic vessel was dismantled for scrap.
Charles Darwin sailed around the world from 1831–1836 as a naturalist aboard the HMS Beagle. His experiences and observations helped him develop the theory of evolution through natural selection.
Part of the Darwin exhibition. The captain and crew of the HMS Beagle originally planned to spend two years on their trip around the world. Instead, the voyage took nearly five years, from December 1831 to October 1836.
Why do the islands have palm trees but no frogs? Palms/coconuts could survive the voyage from land. How were the islands colonized? From organisms of distant continents.
While the expedition was originally planned to last two years, it lasted almost five—Beagle did not return until 2 October 1836. Darwin spent most of this time exploring on land (three years and three months on land; 18 months at sea).
The Beagle sailed around the tip of South America and passed Tierra del Fuego – Spanish for "the land of fire." Darwin's journey would continue north from there to the coast of Chile and eventually to the Galapagos Islands off the western coast of Ecuador.
He observed that organisms produces many more offspring that could survive. He observed that there were variations in the offspring. He observed that some offspring were better adapted to survive in the environment than others. He proposed that natural selection would select the best adapted variations.
In 1831, when Darwin was just 22 years old, he set sail on a scientific expedition on a ship called the HMS Beagle. He was the naturalist on the voyage. As a naturalist, it was his job to observe and collect specimens of plants, animals, rocks, and fossils wherever the expedition went ashore.
So, during the “eclipse” period, Darwin was recognized for demonstrating evolution, but faulted for his mechanism of adaptive change (even T.H. Huxley sometimes inclined in this direction). In contrast, Wallace, whose chief contribution was natural selection, would simply be faulted.
All vessels of the Royal Navy bear the ship prefix "HMS", for His Majesty's Ship or His Majesty's Submarine.
Many of the larger naval ships continued to be named after royalty, notably Royal Sovereign (1786), Prince of Wales (1794) and Queen Charlotte (1810). Increasingly common though were ships named after creatures, gods and protagonists from classical antiquity.
The designation His Majesty's Canadian Ship (HMCS; French: Navire canadien de Sa Majesté [NCSM]), is applied as a prefix to surface ships in the Royal Canadian Navy and Canadian Joint Operations Command. The similar designation of His Majesty's Canadian Submarine is applied to submarine vessels.
The primary motive of the voyage was to chart the coast of South America. A secondary motive was scientific exploration. FitzRoy wanted a naturalist aboard, both to carry out scientific work and to keep him company. Christ's College, University of Cambridge, where Darwin studied from 1828 to 1831.
1: Darwin's Finches: Darwin observed that beak shape varies among finch species. He postulated that the beak of an ancestral species had adapted over time to equip the finches to acquire different food sources.
Why was Darwin's trip aboard the Beagle so important to is development of the theory of natural selection? Darwin's trip allowed him to observe, in a variety of habitats, patterns of biodiversity that result from evolution by natural selection.
The five theories were: (1) evolution as such, (2) common descent, (3) gradualism, (4) multiplication of species, and (5) natural selection.
The world first heard about Galapagos more than 470 years ago. The Dominican friar, Fray Tomás de Berlanga, Bishop of Panama, was the official discoverer, arriving on March 10, 1535.
After surveying the coasts of South America, the ship stopped over in the Galapagos Islands. During his visit to the islands, Darwin noted that the unique creatures were similar from island to island, but perfectly adapted to their environments which led him to ponder the origin of the islands' inhabitants.
Captained by Robert FitzRoy, the trip (the second voyage of HMS Beagle) lasted until 2 October 1836 and saw the crew visit locations as varied as Brazil, Tierra del Fuego, South Africa, New Zealand, and the Azores.
Darwin was an enthusiastic beetle collector and amassed a considerable collection during his time as an undergraduate in Cambridge. Charles Darwin arrived in Cambridge to study in 1828. Here he was introduced to beetling by his close friend and cousin William Darwin Fox.