Social protection, economic affairs and health care were the largest contributors to spending increases in 2020. Governments in Canada spent $18,574 per person in 2020 in these categories, compared with $12,042 in 2019.
Nearly 60 percent of mandatory spending in 2019 was for Social Security and other income support programs (figure 3). Most of the remainder paid for the two major government health programs, Medicare and Medicaid.
There is an increase in social assistance spending (estimates place the monetary value at $720 million per year at the provincial level) where poverty abounds. At the federal level, $11.2 billion was spent on the Canada Social Transfer.
Mandatory expenditures, such as Social Security, Medicare, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, account for about 65% of the budget. Budget expenditures are estimated to exceed federal revenues by $1.873 trillion for FY 2022. Most of these revenues come from taxes and earnings from quantitative easing.
By the end of 2021, the federal government had $28.43 trillion in federal debt.
As a ratio of GDP, gross debt was 129.2% in 2020 (GDP was $2,207 billion), the highest level ever recorded. Approximately half of Canadian general government gross debt in 2020 was debt of the federal (i.e., central) government.
Based on government figures, Giroux forecasts that Canada's total military spending will increase from $36.3 billion in the 2022-23 fiscal year to approximately $51 billion in 2026-27.
Canada has already offered a $1 billion loan to Ukraine through the AA announced in Budget 2022 has already been disbursed. Canada has also fully disbursed a $500 million bilateral sovereign loan to Ukraine.
In addition to major categories like housing, transportation and food, consumers dedicated money from their budgets to things like health care (7 percent), entertainment (5 percent), education (2 percent), and Social Security contributions, personal insurance and retirement plans (10 percent).
This statistic shows the average annual household expenditure on clothing in Canada from 1961 to 2019. In 2019, the average household in Canada spent 2,143 Canadian dollars on clothing during the year.
The annual average earnings of full-time employees in Canada is a little more than $54,630. Overall, the average annual income of families and unattached individuals was $62,900 in 2019. Those earning more than $214,368 will have to pay 33% in Federal income tax.
Generally, a majority of the discretionary spending is budgeted towards national defense. The rest of discretionary spending is budgeted to other federal agency programs ranging from transportation, education, housing, social service programs, as well as science and environmental organizations.
Continuing a trend that began early in 2021, China's portfolio of U.S. government debt in May dropped to $980.8 billion, according to Treasury Department data released Monday. That's a decline of nearly $23 billion from April and down nearly $100 billion, or 9%, from the year-earlier month.
In short, roughly 20 percent of the federal budget is dedicated to defense and security, which can be understood as the percent of tax dollars spent on the military.
The Canadian Armed Forces is comprised of approximately 68,000 Regular Force and 27,000 Reserve Force members, increasing to 71,500 and 30,000 respectively under Strong, Secure, Engaged − Canada's defence policy, as well as 5,200 Ranger Patrol Group members.
The army has a fleet of 82 Leopard 2 battle tanks, spread throughout the country at CFB Edmonton, CFB Montreal, and CFB Gagetown near Fredericton, New Brunswick. The surplus Leopard 1s are parked largely in the same locations.
44 countries received Canadian funding in 2011-2012, with the bulk of the funding going to a handful of targeted nations. The top three recipients of Canadian foreign Page 2 aid are Ethiopia ($208 million), Haiti ($204 million) and Tanzania ($181 million) – three of the poorest nations on earth.
Banks and bonds
This in- cludes Canada savings bonds – which total 2.2% of our total debt holdings – and more sig- nificantly, banks, trust and loan companies, investment funds, insurance companies, pension funds and a myriad of other Canadian financial institutions.
So, Who Owns Canada? The land of Canada is solely owned by Queen Elizabeth II who is also the head of state. Only 9.7% of the total land is privately owned while the rest is Crown Land. The land is administered on behalf of the Crown by various agencies or departments of the government of Canada.
Japan, with its population of 127,185,332, has the highest national debt in the world at 234.18% of its GDP, followed by Greece at 181.78%. Japan's national debt currently sits at ¥1,028 trillion ($9.087 trillion USD).
There are countries such as Jersey and Guernsey which have no national debt, so the pay no interest. All this started with the Napoleonic wars when the government borrowed money to fund the war.
According to the Bank of Russia's estimate, external debt of the Russian Federation as of June 30, 2022 totaled $472.8 billion, having decreased by $9.2 billion, or by 1.9%, since the last year-end.
What is global debt? Global debt is borrowing by governments, businesses and people, and it's at dangerously high levels. In 2021, global debt reached a record $303 trillion, according to the Institute of International Finance, a global financial industry association.