Article 33 The principal punishments are as follows: (1) public surveillance; (2) criminal detention; (3) fixed-term imprisonment; (4) life imprisonment; and (5) the death penalty. Article 34 The supplementary punishments are as follows: (1) fine; (2) deprivation of political rights; and (3) confiscation of property.
Capital punishment in China is a legal penalty. It is commonly applied for murder and drug trafficking, although it is also a legal penalty for various other offenses. Executions are carried out by lethal injection or by shooting. The majority of Chinese people support capital punishment.
Amendments to the Chinese Criminal Law in 2015 provide for life imprisonment without parole if they are convicted of extremely serious economic crimes, murder, terrorism, or hijacking. Those under 18 may receive a punishment of life imprisonment.
Chinese law clearly stipulates that criminals are to be provided with a humane level of material comfort during their prison terms and that the staff in prisons and reform-through-labour institutions must handle criminals in a civilized manner. China strictly protects the due rights of criminals.
China is undoubtedly the country with the most death sentences and executions, but the state media and courts only report or publish a very small number of death penalty cases.
If someone steals in China, he/she may be sentenced to public surveillance as the least serious penalty or life imprisonment as the most serious penalty, depending on the seriousness of the crime he/she commits.
China currently executes prisoners, tortures detainers and reform them through labour mainly due to its historical resistance to individual rights, its traditional approaches to protecting human rights and its political control of 'strike hard' campaigns.
All prisoners including criminals, political prisoners, and prisoners of conscience are subjected to torture and other forms of violence. The prisoners are subjected to forced labor, often under harsh and violent conditions.
In the mid-1980s rural parents were allowed to have a second child if the first was a daughter. It also allowed exceptions for some other groups, including ethnic minorities. In 2015, the government removed all remaining one-child limits, establishing a two-child limit.
With the exception of individuals with hunting permits and some ethnic minorities, civilian firearm ownership is restricted to non-individual entities. Law enforcement, military, paramilitary, and security personnel are allowed to use firearms. Police are to use issued pistols only to stop serious or dangerous crimes.
Drug trafficking is among the few criminal offenses that that qualifies for the death penalty in China. people who smuggle, sell, transport, or manufacture heroin or methamphetamine in an amount greater than 50 grams can be sentenced to 15 years in prison, life imprisonment, or death.
In 2018, number of homicides for China was 7,525. Number of homicides of China fell gradually from 25,983 in 1999 to 7,525 in 2018.
China is the world's most active death penalty country; according to Amnesty International, China executes more people than the rest of the world combined each year. However, not all of China is retentionist, as Hong Kong and Macau have abolished it for all crimes before their handover to China.
PRISON AND LABOR CAMPS IN CHINA
It has 670 prison with around 1.5 million prisoners, including 19,000 juveniles. According to the Chinese Ministry of Justice there are 1.3 million prisoners in prison, which are often referred to as “reform through labor” camps.
Capital punishment in Mexico was officially abolished on 15 March 2005, having not been used in civil cases since 1957, and in military cases since 1961. Mexico is the world's most populous country to have completely abolished the death penalty.
In 2011, the reported murder rate in China was 1.0 per 100,000 people, with 13,410 murders. The murder rate in 2018 was 0.5. The reported murder rates have been criticized for under-reporting unsolved murders due to police salaries being based on the rate of solved cases.
Iran's Islamic penal code says theft "on the first occasion" is punishable by the amputation of four fingers of the right hand. Iranian authorities have defended amputation as the best way to deter theft despite protests by international human rights organisations. However, reports of such punishments are rare.
Crime situation in China
Fraud, theft, and assault were the top three types of crimes in China. The country has a lower murder rate compared to many other countries in the world.
Is living in China safe? Yes, many expats, especially women, find living in China is much safer than in cities like London or New York. Street harassment and catcalling is virtually unheard of for foreigners, and streets tend to be well lit at night.
In terms of crime, China is recognised as being one of the safest countries in the world. Tough law enforcement, a 99% conviction rate, and draconian criminal penalties act as harsh and effective deterrents to serious crime.
1. Venezuela. Venezuela has a crime index of 83.76, the highest of any country in the world. The U.S. Department of State has issued a Level 4 travel advisory for Venezuela, indicating that it is unsafe to travel to the country, and travelers should not travel there.
Drinking Laws -- With the exception of some minor local regulations, there are no liquor laws in China. Alcohol can be bought in any convenience store, supermarket, restaurant, bar, hotel, or club, 7 days a week, and may be drunk anywhere you feel like drinking it.
The possession, consumption, manufacturing, import, export, or trafficking of these and other controlled drugs in any amount are illegal. Persons caught with less than the Mandatory Death Penalty amounts of these controlled substances face penalties ranging from caning (up to 24 strokes) to life in prison.